The process of losing your teeth can be painful in many different ways. In all situations we can restore missing teeth with implants. Ageing, tooth infections, smoking, trauma and many other factors contribute to bone loss. Bone loss is a progressive degenerative clinical situation that dissolves the bone where implants should be anchored. Due to this and the gum shrinkage, extra appointments or surgical techniques are commonly required in order to build up the reduced bone.
This process are called “Grafting Procedures”. The amount of grafting that needs to be done depends on the type of implant, age of the patient, and functional and aesthetic needs. For instance, the younger the patient, the more we should decide to do grafting using the patient’s own bone. The older the patient, the less grafting we should use, because of the decrease of healing potential of the bone due to biological factors related to the quality and quantity of available bone.
Not everyone is a candidate for immediate load dental implants. You must have good quality bone structure. However, if you have a thin jaw bone, dental implants surgeon will regenerate lost bone structure with the use of one or a combination of the following:
• Bone graft:
this can be done using either bone from the own patient or other synthetic source.
The Benefits of autologous bone, from the own patient, grafts is the less healing time required prior to fitting the implants/ crowns. This is approximately 4-6 months depending on the site of the surgery.
When using “bone substitutes” longer healing times might be up to 12 months.
• Soft Tissue Graft:
this can be done using either soft tissue graft from the palate (roof of the mouth) or use synthetic version instead.
When everyone places a dental implant, he/she is shooting for optimum results. That means that the patient needs to be in good general and oral health.
The Grafting procedures can be divided in two, depending on type of tissue to be grafted:
1. Soft Tissue Grafting
2. Hard Tissue Grafting
SOFT TISSUE GRAFTING
These procedures involve the replacement, by means of sinthetic or natural tissue, of the gum. They give a better contour of the ridge where the implants anchor.
HARD TISSUE GRAFTING
These procedures are designed to increase, in width and/ or height, the foundation of bone that will give anchorage to the implants.